What is the Job Description of an Electrical Engineer?

As an Electrical engineer, there are specific duties and responsibilities peculiar to your job. Although companies have their own specific job description for Electrical engineers, they are all almost similar.

Since the job description of Electrical engineers are similar, you can prepare yourself prior to applying for the job position with this knowledge. 

Who is an Electrical engineer? 

An electrical engineer is one who develops and tests electronic products and systems for a wide range of projects, from small-scale (e.g. household devices) to large-scale (e.g. electrical power systems). 

They also oversee the manufacture of these devices, systems, and equipment.

Generally, Electrical engineers operate in several disciplines, such as Power Engineering, Signal Processing, and Micro-electronics, based on their expertise


What is the basic electrical engineer job description?

The basic job description of an Electrical engineer involves designing, developing, testing, or supervising the manufacturing and also installation of electrical equipment, components, or systems for commercial, industrial, military, or scientific use.

What are the duties and responsibilities of an Electrical engineer? 

Electrical engineers use mathematics and physics principles to design, develop and also assess electrical and electronic equipment and systems. 

They work with a range of technologies, including household appliances, the lighting as well as wiring systems of buildings, power transmission, telecommunications, and satellite communications. 

Many electrical engineers specialize in a particular field, such as electronics, microelectronics, signal processing, power, telecommunications, and instrumentation

  • Designing, maintaining, implementing, or improving electrical instruments, facilities, components, equipment products, or systems for industrial, commercial or domestic purposes.
  • Performing a wide range of engineering tasks by operating computer-assisted design or engineering software and equipment.
  • Conferring with customers, engineers, and others to discuss existing or potential engineering products or projects.
  • Ensuring that installation and operations conform to standards as well as customer requirements by preparing electrical systems specifications, technical drawings or topographical maps.
  • Establishing construction, manufacturing or installation standards or specifications by performing a wide range of detailed calculations.
  • Ensuring compliance with specifications, codes, or customer requirements by directing or coordinating installation, manufacturing, construction, maintenance, documentation, support or testing activities.
  • Writing reports likewise compiling data regarding existing and potential electrical engineering projects and studies.
  • Preparing specifications for purchases of electrical equipment as well as materials.
  • Supervising or training project team members.
  • Estimating material, labour, or construction costs for budget preparation.
  • Maintaining electrical equipment.
  • Working with a variety of technicians.

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What are qualifications and educational requirements of an Electrical Engineer?

  • Bachelor degree in electrical engineering degree from an accredited school. An MSc is a plus.
  • Licensed as a professional engineer.
  • Proven expertise as an electrical engineer
  • Deep knowledge of electrical manufacturing processes
  • Hands-on experience using design and calculation software
  • Knowledge of applicable codes and safety standards related to electronic engineering.

What special skills do you require working as an Electrical engineer? 

Electrical engineers need a variety of hard and soft skills to excel in their roles. 

While these attributes may not be in the electrical engineer job description, hiring managers always look for job candidates possessing the following soft skills:

1. Problem-solving skills

Things may go wrong in a facility or there may be an equipment failure. As a result, Electrical engineers must be able to solve complex problems.

At the same time, they must be skillful in troubleshooting failed products, repairing goods, and refining products.

2. Creativity

While this quality is more commonly associated with the arts, electrical engineers use their creativity to find new, innovative ways to design, modify, and troubleshoot their programs.

3. Decisiveness

When it comes to making decisions, electrical engineers must make firm, informed decisions about the projects they’re working on.

4. Eye for detail

There are situations where a small mistake can have serious consequences on overall work.

Because of that, Electrical engineers must be keen on details at all times to ensure precise work.

5. Commercial awareness

With the fast growth of technology, a good electrical engineer must be able to follow trends in order to remain relevant.

Keeping pace with commercial trends and innovations helps electrical engineers develop the best solutions.

6. Leadership skills

Electrical engineers must take charge of programs and a team of employees to see them to completion.

7. Planning and organizational skills

These skills help electrical engineers plan how to allocate resources, develop achievable budgets, and manage their time and the time of people involved in their projects.

8. Written and oral communication skills

Electrical engineers often need to explain concepts and projects to people who don’t have their specialized knowledge. 

Whether writing documentation or presenting information verbally, electrical engineers regularly call on their communication skills.

9. Ability to work in a multidisciplinary team

Electrical engineers often work with employees with different skill sets and technical knowledge.

10. Passion for technology, mathematics, and physics

Electrical engineering requires a knowledge of mathematics and physics and passion for technology.

An enthusiasm for these topics is what hiring teams look out for in Electrical engineering job candidates.

How much do electrical engineers earn as salary per year?

Entry-level electrical engineers typically earn annual salaries of around $66,000.

Experience has an effect on salaries, with annual earnings rising to $97,000 after between 5 and 10 years. 

Location can also significantly impact an electrical engineer’s annual earnings. 

For example, the average annual salary for an electrical engineer is $110,500 in San Jose, California; $102,500 in Houston, Texas; and $121,500 in San Diego, California.

What to expect working as an Electrical engineer 

Companies are looking for an Electrical engineer who will help them advance their electrical products, systems, and applications.

On a daily basis, you’ll carry out various engineering tasks, such as performing calculations to ensure that systems meet the global safety standards and collaborating with technicians and computer programmers to solve emerging issues. 

You’ll also research about manufacturing processes and analyze data and trends to create new products.

Ultimately, you will improve the company’s products and processes and contribute to its growth.

Working as an Electrical engineer means that you will work in laboratories and research facilities, factories, mines, industrial and production plants, power stations, and also, office settings. 

Depending on the location, you may work in modern comfort or in hot, cramped, or even dusty places. 

The working environments of electrical engineers can also be dangerous, especially if they engineers work around live electrical equipment and systems.

Conclusion – Job description of an Electrical Engineer

In conclusion, building your resume with the knowledge of your job description as an electrical engineer is one sure way of becoming the best candidate for the job.

Hiring teams usually prefer candidates who have prior knowledge of what to expect on the job as well as good work ethics.

I believe this article provides some of the tips that will make you stand out.

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