Electrical Engineer Job Description | Duties & Responsibilities

As an Electrical engineer, specific duties and responsibilities are peculiar to your job. Although companies have their particular job description for Electrical engineers, they are all almost similar.

Since the job description of Electrical engineers is similar, you can prepare yourself with this knowledge before applying for the position. 

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Who is an Electrical Engineer? 

An electrical engineer develops and tests electronic products and systems for various projects, from small-scale (e.g., household devices) to large-scale (e.g., electrical power systems). 

They also oversee the manufacture of these devices, systems, and equipment.

Generally, Electrical engineers operate in several disciplines, such as Power Engineering, Signal Processing, and Microelectronics, based on their expertise.


What is the Basic Electrical Engineer Job Description?

The basic job description of an Electrical engineer involves designing, developing, testing, or supervising the manufacturing and installation of electrical equipment, components, or systems for commercial, industrial, military, or scientific use.

What are the Duties and Responsibilities of an Electrical Engineer? 

Electrical engineers use mathematics and physics principles to design, develop, and assess electrical and electronic equipment and systems. 

They work with various technologies, including household appliances, lighting, wiring systems of buildings, power transmission, telecommunications, and satellite communications. 

Many electrical engineers specialize in a particular field, such as electronics, microelectronics, signal processing, power, telecommunications, and instrumentation.

  • Designing, maintaining, implementing, or improving electrical instruments, facilities, components, equipment products, or systems for industrial, commercial, or domestic purposes.
  • Performing various engineering tasks by operating computer-assisted design or engineering software and equipment.
  • Conferring with customers, engineers, and others to discuss existing or potential engineering products or projects.
  • Ensuring installation and operations conform to standards and customer requirements by preparing electrical systems specifications, technical drawings, or topographical maps.
  • Establishing construction, manufacturing, or installation standards or specifications by performing a wide range of detailed calculations.
  • Ensuring compliance with specifications, codes, or customer requirements by directing or coordinating installation, manufacturing, construction, maintenance, documentation, support, or testing activities.
  • Writing reports likewise compiling data regarding existing and potential electrical engineering projects and studies.
  • Preparing specifications for purchases of electrical equipment as well as materials.
  • Supervising or training project team members.
  • Estimating material, labor, or construction costs for budget preparation.
  • Maintaining electrical equipment.
  • Working with a variety of technicians.

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Read Also

What are the Qualifications and Educational Requirements of an Electrical Engineer?

  • Bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering degree from an accredited school. An MSc is a plus.
  • Licensed as a professional engineer.
  • Proven expertise as an electrical engineer
  • Deep knowledge of electrical manufacturing processes
  • Hands-on experience using design and calculation software
  • Knowledge of applicable codes and safety standards related to electronic engineering.

What Special Skills do you Require Working as an Electrical Engineer? 

Electrical engineers need various hard and soft skills to excel in their roles. 

While these attributes may not be in the electrical engineer job description, hiring managers always look for job candidates possessing the following soft skills:

1. Problem-solving Skills

Things may go wrong in a facility, or there may be an equipment failure. As a result, Electrical engineers must be able to solve complex problems.

At the same time, they must be skillful in troubleshooting failed products, repairing goods, and refining products.

2. Creativity

While this quality is more commonly associated with the arts, electrical engineers use their creativity to find new, innovative ways to design, modify, and troubleshoot their programs.

3. Decisiveness

When making decisions, electrical engineers must make firm, informed decisions about the projects they’re working on.

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4. Eye for Detail

There are situations where a small mistake can have serious consequences on overall work.

Because of that, Electrical engineers must always be keen on details to ensure precise work.

5. Commercial Awareness

With the fast growth of technology, an excellent electrical engineer must be able to follow trends to remain relevant.

Keeping pace with commercial trends and innovations helps electrical engineers develop the best solutions.

6. Leadership Skills

Electrical engineers must take charge of programs and a team of employees to see them to completion.

7. Planning and Organizational Skills

These skills help electrical engineers plan how to allocate resources, develop achievable budgets, and manage their time and the time of people involved in their projects.

8. Written and Oral Communication Skills

Electrical engineers often need to explain concepts and projects to people who don’t have specialized knowledge. 

Whether writing documentation or presenting information verbally, electrical engineers regularly call on their communication skills.

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9. Ability to Work in a Multidisciplinary Team

Electrical engineers often work with employees with different skill sets and technical knowledge.

10. Passion for Technology, Mathematics, and Physics

Electrical engineering requires an understanding of mathematics and physics and a passion for technology.

Enthusiasm for these topics is what hiring teams look out for in Electrical engineering job candidates.

How much do Electrical Engineers Earn as Salary per year?

Entry-level electrical engineers typically earn annual salaries of around $66,000.

Experience affects salaries, with annual earnings rising to $97,000 after between 5 and 10 years. 

Location can also significantly impact an electrical engineer’s annual earnings. 

For example, the average annual salary for an electrical engineer is $110,500 in San Jose, California; $102,500 in Houston, Texas; and $121,500 in San Diego, California.

What to Expect Working as an Electrical Engineer 

Companies are looking for an Electrical engineer to help them advance their electrical products, systems, and applications.

Daily, you’ll perform various engineering tasks, such as performing calculations to ensure systems meet global safety standards and collaborating with technicians and computer programmers to solve emerging issues. 

You’ll also research manufacturing processes and analyze data and trends to create new products.

Ultimately, you will improve the company’s products and processes and contribute to its growth.

Working as an Electrical engineer means working in laboratories, research facilities, factories, mines, industrial and production plants, power stations, and office settings. 

Depending on the location, you may work in modern comfort or hot, cramped, or dusty places. 

The working environments of electrical engineers can also be dangerous, primarily if the engineers work around live electrical equipment and systems.

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Conclusion – Job Description of an Electrical Engineer

In conclusion, building your resume with the knowledge of your job description as an electrical engineer is one sure way of becoming the best candidate.

Hiring teams usually prefer candidates with prior knowledge of what to expect on the job and good work ethics.

I believe this article provides some tips that will make you stand out.

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