What is the Job Description of a Security Guard?

Individuals who intend to take up a job as a security guard should read this job description in order to work to the satisfaction of their employers.

Police and military men are not the only ones who secure our environment, security guards as their title implies also secure the environment.

They protect individuals and properties as well.

In addition they are responsible for averting or preventing illegal actions.

They even have the authority to temporarily detain individuals who break the law in their premises until the police come.

An ideal security guard should have the necessary qualifications and skills required.

You should be trustworthy and possess good interpersonal, surveillance skills and detail-oriented.

Also, you must be familiar with all relevant safety protocols.

security guard job description

What does a security guard do?

Security guards provide security to the premise of the organizations or private properties.

They protect employees and properties and ensure that the environment is safe at all times.

Whenever there is unrest, it is the responsibility for the security guard to detect the reason behind it and try to resolve it.

In a situation where they have to defend an employee and/or property, they do that according to the law.

At regular Intervals, they patrol the premises to ensure that security is not being bridged.

Security guards report to the security manager.

In some organisations like banks, security guards are also responsible for ensuring order within and outside the premises.

What are the duties and responsibilities of a Security guard?

The duties and responsibilities of a security guard may vary from organisation to organisation.

Some of the typical duties and responsibilities of a security guard usually featured in their job description include:

1. Secure employees and properties

The major aim of employing a security guard is to secure employees and properties.

They perform this duty by regularly patrolling the premises and monitoring all entry routes.

They inspect all equipment and the organization’s building daily and report malfunctioning equipment and areas of the building that needs repairs to the security manager.

2. Control traffic

Security guards who work in organisations that are located in areas where traffic may be busy are also saddled with the responsibility of maintaining traffic.

They must always make sure there is no traffic jam around the organization’s premises. 

3. Prepare reports

They also prepare security reports which are summited to the security manager.

These reports are compiled from information gotten from patrols, observation and surveillance.

In the case of a disturbance, security guards also interview witnesses.

And statements from all the interviewed witnesses are included in the security report.

4. Provide customer service

In some organisation security guards also provide customer service.

They assist visitors to find their way around the organisation.

5. Respond to emergencies

Whenever emergencies such as a robbery or a fire outbreak occur, security guards defend staffs and properties by bringing them to a place of safety.

They also interview witnesses of the disturbance and take down their statements.

Also, they have the right to temporarily detain individuals who cause any disturbance untile police officers come.

Some other duties and responsibilities of a security guard include:

  • Go round to check all entry points.
  • Stop unauthorised individuals or personnel from entering the organization’s premises or a particular area in the company respectively.
  • Periodically testing all security systems and software.
  • Making use of x-ray machines and metal detectors when necessary.
  • Carry out first aid whenever there is an emergency while waiting for emergency response agencies.

Some organisations may add and/or subtract to these duties and responsibilities.

Therefore a security guard should familiarise his or her self to the duties and responsibilities unique to the organisation they work for.

That way, they can satisfy their employers optimally.

What qualification do I need to become a security guard?

A security guard is a professional job but does not need a bachelor’s degree.

Most employers accept candidates with a high school diploma or a GED certificate.

Typically, organisations give preference to applicants with a security guard license and/or security training.

Ideal applicants should have first aid and self-defence training.

Individuals who hope to take senior security roles should obtain a four years degree in criminology, criminal justice or any similar field.

Also, employers prefer employing those with at least one year of experience working as a security guard.

Candidates who have previously worked with the police or arm are usually at advantage.

This is because employers believe that they have all necessary security training required for the job.

Applicants are also expected to be familiar with the use of security software and systems.

Proficiency in Microsoft Office Suite is also an advantage.

Security guards are also required to write reports, therefore an ideal candidate should know how to properly prepare security reports.

What skills does a Security guards need?

Although security guards do not need a college degree, it is a professional job, therefore candidates are expected to possess certain skills.

These skills are also featured in the job description of a security guard.

Because employers expect them from potential candidates.

Possessing them enables a security guard to perform all his or her duties and responsibilities with so much ease.

Some of the skills a good security guard should have include;

1. Interpersonal skills

Every security guard should be capable of developing and maintain a good relationship with his or her colleagues, other staffs of the organisation and visitors as well.

This skill makes it easy for a security guard to interview witnesses and easily detect illegal actions among visitors and staffs.

2. Communication skills

This skill is important for writing reports, dealing with paper works and conducting interview too.

A good security guard should know how to communicate well in writing and verbally.

He or she should be capable of communicating both the technical and non-technical aspect of the job.

Poor communication skills rub off on interpersonal skills.

3. Ability to work as part of a team

All security guards must have good team spirit.

As one, you should always have the back of other security personnel at all times, even in the face of harm and danger.

4. Honesty and integrity

Security must always be honest when performing their duties.

As a security guard, you must adhere to all local and national security policies.

Also, organisations also have principles governing all their security guards.

As such, a good security guard must be familiar with these principles.

A good security guard must never engage in criminal activities, these are the same things you were employed to prevent

5. Professionalism

When carrying out duties, a security guard must always act professionally.

A degree is not required, but professionalism and creativity is necessary.

6. Vigilance

A good security guard must always be alert and vigilant at all times.

They must also be given attention to details throughout their working hours.

How much do security guards make?

On the average, security guards in the united states earn up to $34,190 per year, that is $16.44 per hour.

Their earnings range from $24,490 to $57,700 per year, which is $27.74 per hour and $11.77 per hour respectively.

The salary of a security guard may be determined by the following:

  • Location: the economic situation of a country is one of the factors that determine how much a security guard makes. Those who work in countries or states with a better economy are more likely to earn more.
  • Experience: More experienced security guards usually earn more than their less experienced colleagues
  • Employer: Security guards who work for larger organisations are likely to get better pay than those who work for small organisations
  • Qualification: Those who have security guard training and license may be paid better also.

Where do security guards work?

A security guard can work in practically every company or organisation.

Some of the typical e of security guards include:

  • Food and drink companies
  • Insurance companies
  • Manufacturing companies
  • Apartments
  • Chemical companies
  • Hospitals
  • Banks
  • Pharmaceutical companies
  • Schools
  • Research institutes
  • Logistics companies
  • Shopping malls
  • Retail stores
  • Water companies
  • Private individuals
  • Environmental agencies
  • Apartments

Vacancies are advertised online by recruitment agencies or placed in local newspapers and radio or television stations.

Security guard work environment and schedule

The work environment of a security guard may differ depending on where they work.

Their services may be required inside the premises or outside only.

Typically, a security guard works based to shift or schedule.

What should be included in my security guard resume?

When creating a resume for a security guard, you should consider featuring every information capable of convincing an employer that you are suitable for the job.

You should include information like:

  • Years of experience
  • Place of experience
  • License
  • Training
  • Soft skills
  • Hard skills

During your interview, it is also important to make reference to the above information.

Also, feel free to make use of this free guide on the job description of a security guard to create your professional resume that supports your goal.

Conclusion: security guard job description guide

Security guards are very important in every organisation.

It may not be a highly paid job but is a relevant and professional one.

This job description was written with prospective security guards in mind.

But it can also serve as a template for organisations.

Organisations who intend to use this as a template for creating their own security guard job description can make adjustments to it to suit their goal.

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